Patient Information Leaflet
TOPICAL MINOXIDIL SCALP DROPS: 3% AND 5%
Read this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine.
- Keep this leaflet as you may need to refer to it
- If you have further questions, ask your prescriber, doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for Do not pass it on to anyone else. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
- In the unlikely event of any serious side effects, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your prescriber, doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet you will learn:
1. What is topical Minoxidil and what is it used for?
2. What you need to know before using topical Minoxidil.
3. How to apply topical Minoxidil.
4. Possible side effects.
5. How to store topical Minoxidil.
6. Contents and other information.
1. WHAT IS TOPICAL MINOXIDIL AND WHAT IS IT USED FOR?
Minoxidil is a clinically proven topical medication used to treat common hereditary hair loss in men and women aged 18 years and over, by slowing down further hair thinning, maintaining hair density, and promoting hair regrowth.
Hereditary hair loss is recognised by various symptoms, including:
- Pattern hair loss (see diagrams)
- Hair loss and hair thinning starts gradually and progresses
- Family history of hair loss
- No other symptoms are present with your hair loss
Minoxidil works as a vasodilator, dilating blood capillaries at the site of application which creates an ideal growth environment for existing hair follicles. Whilst the method of action is still not entirely understood, Minoxidil is thought to induce an early anagen (growth) phase of the hair growth cycle and can keep follicles in the anagen phase for longer when topically applied to the scalp.
Topical Minoxidil works best in those experiencing hereditary hair loss. Those who are younger, have been losing hair for a short period of time, or have a small area of hair loss, are likely to experience the best results. You are unlikely to benefit from topical Minoxidil if you have been losing your hair for many years or have a large area of hair loss.
Density+ 5% and 3% Minoxidil Scalp Drops contain several other active ingredients which work synergistically to treat common hereditary hair loss:
- Melatonin: Melatonin hormone receptors are located within the hair follicle and are known to modulate hair growth. Research has shown that topical application of Melatonin may help to extend the anagen phase of the hair growth cycle. Research has also shown that Melatonin may help to positively impact hair loss by reducing oxidative stress, further protecting hair follicles.
- Zinc: Has been shown to have anti-androgen properties. Topical application may help to inhibit the production of type 2 5α-reductase, an enzyme that converts the body’s testosterone into dihydrotestosterone - more commonly known as DHT. DHT is the primary hormone known to cause hereditary hair loss. Zinc is also a known anti-inflammatory and
helps to calm, soothe, and heal the skin, as well as improve skin barrier function.
- Caffeine: Helps to improve skin barrier function, support follicular penetration, has anti-inflammatory properties, and may help to promote hair growth through stimulation of the hair follicle.
2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE USING TOPICAL MINOXIDIL
This medication is unlicensed and is made and dispensed under pharmacist supervision. This treatment has been prescribed to meet your needs. As this medication has been made for you, it is an “unlicensed medication”. Prescribers may recommend an unlicensed medication if they think it will treat your condition effectively. Your prescriber will balance any risks of this medication against the benefits you may experience. If you are concerned about taking this medication, talk to your prescriber, doctor or pharmacist.
Do not use this medicine:
- If this medication was not prescribed for you
- If you are under the age of 18
- If you have ever had a reaction to Minoxidil or any of the other ingredients listed in section 6
- If you have hair loss caused by drug treatment
- If you have total hair loss or complete loss of all body hair
- If the cause of your hair loss is unknown or it is sudden and unexpected
- If you have uncontrolled blood pressure
- If you have any conditions that affect your scalp, including sunburn and psoriasis
- If you have a shaved scalp
- If you are using creams, ointment or lotions used to treat scalp conditions e.g
- Dithranol – used to treat psoriasis
- Tretinoin – used to treat acne or other skin disorders
- Petrolatum – a common ingredient in hair wax or gel
Speak to your prescriber, doctor or pharmacist before using this medication if:
- You suffer from a heart disease, including abnormal heart rhythms or rates, angina or chest pains, and/or circulation disorders.
- You are unsure whether your scalp is normal and healthy.
OTHER MEDICATION AND TOPICAL MINOXIDIL
Speak to your prescriber, doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or using any other medicines including:
- Blood pressure medications – there is a potential risk that topical Minoxidil may interact with these medications and increase their effect.
- If you are unsure about the medication you are taking or using, ensure your prescriber knows about this so they can inform you.
DRIVING AND USING MACHINERY
Topical Minoxidil may cause dizziness or low blood pressure. If you experience these side effects, do not drive or operate machinery
3. HOW TO APPLY TOPICAL MINOXIDIL
Apply at a regular time each day. Measure the correct dose of 2.5ml using the graduated pipette. The treatment is applied directly to the scalp in the thinning areas using the pipette applicator. Hold the dropper in contact with the scalp, tilt the head backwards slightly, and squeeze the solution slowly onto the scalp in small partings, systematically covering the thinning areas. Distribute the solution in circular motions using the tip of the pipette or your fingertips.
Take care to avoid contact with facial skin and eyes, and wash hands thoroughly after use. If the drops do come into contact with eyes or facial skin, rinse immediately with plenty of water. In the case of contact with eyes, consult your doctor.
For best results apply topical Minoxidil to a dry scalp. Wait a few minutes for the drops to be absorbed before going to bed. Hair and scalp should be shampooed the following morning or before the next application. Always apply topical Minoxidil to a clean scalp to ensure proper absorption of the actives.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, topical Minoxidil can cause side effects, although not everybody will be affected. The most common side effect is itching or irritation on the treated area of skin. If skin irritation continues, stop using the medicine and contact your prescriber, doctor, or pharmacist.
If you experience any of the following, stop using the medicine and seek immediate medical help:
- Chest pain
- Swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat, which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing
If you experience any of the following, stop using the medicine and talk to your prescriber or doctor:
- Allergic reactions including swollen face, skin redness or itching, or throat tightness
- Low blood pressure
- Fast heartbeat or an increased awareness of the heartbeat (palpitations)
- Faintness or dizziness
- Swollen hands or feet
- Shortness of breath
- Sudden unexplained weight gain
- Persistent local redness or rash
Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people) include:
- Itching or dermatitis
- Unwanted non-scalp hair. Always wash your hands thoroughly after application and if you accidentally apply the treatment to parts of your body other than the scalp, rinse thoroughly with plenty of water.
Uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people) include:
Other side effects which may occur, but it is not known how often:
- Temporary hair loss during the first 2-6 weeks of use. This is likely due to a change in the hair growth cycle and should stop within a few weeks
- Depressed mood
- Eye irritation
- Scalp irritation such as local redness, dryness, or flaky skin
- Acne-like rash, itchy rash, blistering, bleeding or ulceration
- Change in hair colour
5. HOW TO TOPICAL MINOXIDIL
Topical Minoxidil must be stored at room temperature between 19-25°C in its original packaging. Keep away from heat, direct light and moisture.
- Contains ethanol in solution which is extremely flammable. Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources.
- Keep this medicine out of reach and sight of children.
- Do not use this medicine after its expiration date, which is printed on the dispensing label.
- Do not throw away any medicine via wastewater or household waste. For safe disposal, please take medications, including unopened packs, to your local pharmacy. This measure will helps to protect the environment.
6. CONTENTS OF PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
Density+ Minoxidil 5% Scalp Drops contains: Minoxidil 5%, Ethanol, Water, Propylene Glycol, Caffeine, Zinc, Melatonin and Hydrochloric Acid .
Density+ Minoxidil 3% Scalp Drops contains: Minoxidil 3%, Ethanol, Water, Caffeine, Zinc, Melatonin and Hydrochloric Acid. 1 bottle contains 85ml (approximately 30 doses). Each dose is 2.5ml.
Other information: Maintaining good general health, adequate nutrition and a healthy scalp, all help to ensure that the hair remains in the growth phase for the maximum period of time.
Contact details: [email protected], 0207 237 7100.
Address: Philip Kingsley Products, 54 Green Street, London, W1K 6RU